Whitney S. Christiansen

Whitney S. Christiansen

It's 2023, Long Past Time for a United States Secretary of Arts and Culture

In September of 2022, President Biden announced his reinstatement of the President’s Committee on the Arts and the Humanities (PCAH), an advisory committee focused on cultural issues, led by Executive Director Tsione Wolde-Michael, formerly the Director of the Center for Restorative History and Curator of African American Social Justice History at the Smithsonian Institution. The President went on to announce further appointments to the Committee on April 13, with a raft of both public and private members from all corners of American arts and culture. President Biden appointed as co-chairs singer/songwriter Lady Gaga (who had previously partnered with Biden in 2017 for the “It’s On Us” campaign against sexual assault); and Oscar and Tony-winning, Emmy-nominated producer of theater, film, TV, and more, Bruce Cohen (whose production of Jeremy O. Harris’ “Slave Play” holds the record for Tony award nominations for a play in a single year).

Lady Gaga wearing a navy suit with a large golden brooch in the shape of a dove, and President Biden smiling and wearing a blue suit and tie
Image of Lady Gaga courtesy of Carlos M. Vazquez II and Wikimedia Commons, CC 2.0 License. Image of President Joseph Biden courtesy of Library of Congress.

President Biden’s announcements have come as welcome relief to the arts and culture sector, which has been largely shut out of federal conversations since 2017, when the PCAH was the first official White House agency whose members resigned en masse from the Trump administration, sparked by former President Trump’s remarks regarding the violent clash between protestors and white supremacists in Charlottesville, Virginia. 

The reinstitution of the Committee and its subsequent appointments reflect a long history of federal engagement with the arts and culture scene. The Committee itself dates back to its creation in 1982 under Ronald Reagan, but previous Presidents on both sides of the aisle have expressed support for national arts and humanities programs for nearly a century. 

From FDR’s Federal Project Number One, a relief program for Depression-era artists, musicians, and writers, for which an estimated $27 million was allocated in 1935 (nearly $600 million in today’s funds); to Truman’s Marshall Plan, which spread American culture across the globe to combat the rise of authoritarian regimes abroad; to JFK’s 1962 establishment of the first Special Consultant on the Arts, August Heckscher, who encapsulated the symbiotic relationship between the arts and public policy: “Government must and does realize that we must build by calling on our finest geniuses. From a postage stamp to national roadways…government should plan with aesthetic consideration in mind.”

“Government must and does realize that we must build by calling on our finest geniuses. From a postage stamp to national roadways…government should plan with aesthetic consideration in mind.”
A man with gray hair and beard, wearing glasses and a bow tie
August Heckscher
Black-and-white photo of three men. August Heckscher, in the middle, puts his hand on a Bible and raises his right hand.
August Heckscher is sworn in as Special Consultant on the Arts on March 8, 1962, by Special Assistant to the President Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. Courtesy of the White House. Public domain.

And yet, despite this history and its legacy of culture that has reached around the globe, the United States remains one of the few countries in the world with no dedicated role in the federal government devoted to the development, maintenance, and promotion of its national arts and culture scene. Over 50 countries across the globe, including all our major peers and competitors, feature a Cabinet-level position such as Minister or Secretary of Arts and Culture, from Albania to Zimbabwe. The United Kingdom, France, Japan, Argentina, Russia, China, Australia, Saudi Arabia, Türkiye, and Ukraine all feature federal representatives for national arts, culture, and heritage, dedicated to promoting their country’s values and way of life, but the United States of America does not.

(But some institutions are taking matters into their own hands. The University of Texas in Austin appointed Matthew McConaughey as its own Minister of Culture in 2019.) 

A satellite image of the Earth with the text "Over 50 countries across the globe have a Cabinet-level position representing arts and culture, but not the United States"
Eleanor Roosevelt reads the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Eleanor Roosevelt reads the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1949; Courtesy, FDR Presidential Library & Museum. CC 2.0 License.

This is all the more surprising when we think back to the United States’ formative role in the United Nations, including the very active role of Eleanor Roosevelt, as U.N. delegate and head and first chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights, in codifying the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which enshrines the right to arts and culture into law. However, despite hailing itself as the “land of the free,” the U.S. remains one of only four countries (along with Comoros, Cuba, and Palau) that failed to ratify The United Nations International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, making the Declaration legally binding. All 171 other United Nations members ratified the covenant, holding themselves accountable on the world stage for upholding their citizens’ right “freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits” (Article 27:1).

And of course, the arts and humanities don’t just bring intrinsic benefits to American citizens. Arts and culture as an industry contributed over $1 trillion to the U.S. economy in 2021, second only to retail. It adds more to our GDP than construction or transportation, and contributes almost twice as much as agriculture and mining combined. Yet while transportation, agriculture, energy, technology, and education all hold seats in the Presidential Cabinet, the powerhouse economic driver that is arts and culture does not. 

Industry Value Added to GDP Cabinet Position?
Health & Human Services
$1.85 trillion
Arts & Culture
$1.06 trillion
$815 billion
Science & Technology
$768 billion
Agriculture & Forestry
$289 billion
$291 billion

Omitting arts and culture from the legislative table not only denies America’s fourth-largest industry employer representation at the federal level, but disallows the immense benefits such representation would bring to the entire country. Research shows that arts and culture foster stability and peace in societies, and no one can deny that the U.S. needs a hefty dose of peace and unity at this juncture. Economically speaking, in the United Kingdom, for every £1 of U.K. taxpayer money that funded its national Arts Council, the arts and culture industry returned £5 to taxpayers. Imagine the increase in our national coffers should our federal government decide to invest in an industry the size of arts and culture.

For every £1 of United Kingdom taxpayer money that funded its national Arts Council, the arts and culture industry returned £5 to taxpayers.
Logo for the Centre for Economics and Business Research
Centre for Economics and Business Research

And it’s not just at home where the arts investment pays off. America has struggled to maintain its position as global leader in a number of ways over the past decade, but nowhere is that more evident than in cultural measurements. While the U.S. held the top spot for global soft power in 2016, it tumbled year-over-year to the sixth spot in 2020, concurrent with the Trump administration’s persistent devaluation of the arts and its role in international diplomacy.

But appointing a Secretary of Arts could help, and there has already been broad support for the idea from the American public. In 2009, superstar record producer Quincy Jones started a petition to create a Secretary of Arts & Culture that garnered over 239,000 signatures, later speaking to NPR about his belief that “artists helped to define a society and that having a secretary of the Arts would send the message that America values its culture.” “I have traveled all over the world all the time for 54 years. The people abroad know more about our culture than we do,” Jones said.

Joseph Biden speaks at a podium with a world map behind him
Joseph Biden speaks at The Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement, 2018. Courtesy Chatham House, Creative Commons 2.0 license.

President Biden has not only historically demonstrated support for the arts via his voting record and his backing of initiatives such as co-sponsoring the bills that authorized the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture and established the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress. He has also repeatedly exhibited a personal respect for and understanding of the ways that arts and culture can guide the future of a nation. Biden frequently refers to and quotes his favorite poem, Seamus Heaney’s “The Cure at Troy,” both at home and abroad: “But then, once in a lifetime / The longed-for tidal wave / Of justice can rise up, / And hope and history rhyme,” Heaney says. 

The reestablishment of and appointments to the PCAH are an important step towards making “hope and history rhyme.” If the U.S. is to restore itself to its position as a leader of democracy, freedom, and cultural excellence, it must step into that role in a formal, dedicated way. The right to arts and culture is a well-established and chartered legal right around the globe, and yet Americans have never enjoyed that right, despite the immense benefits that investment in the arts can bring to us all.

It’s time to take the next step towards truly making America “the land of the free, and the home of the brave.” Creating the role of a Secretary of Arts and Culture and securing their place within the Presidential Cabinet, a place commensurate with the immense current and future value the arts industry brings to that table, is essential for America to live up to its full potential as the standard-bearer of democracy and freedom around the globe. President Biden has already appointed one brand-new Cabinet position in 2020 – the first ever Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and in his announcement for his 2024 re-election campaign, declared his commitment to “more freedom” and “more rights.” At 4A Arts, we believe it’s now time for him to do so for the second-largest industry in the country. Appointing a Secretary of Arts and Culture will pave the way for America to “finish the job.”

General Manager

Elena K. Holy is proud to join the 4A movement as General Manager. Her 30+ year arts management career includes NYC’s non-profit Roundabout Theatre Company, commercial Broadway and Off-Broadway at Richard Frankel Productions, and founding and running The Present Theatre Company,  where she co-created the New York International Fringe Festival (FringeNYC). FringeNYC was once the largest multi-arts festival in North America – with an all-volunteer staff of 100 people, 2500+ additional volunteers, and 5000 artists representing 200 companies from all over the world, and producing nearly 1100 performances annually, with many now-famous alumni and productions.

As Producer, Holy was awarded the 1997 New York Magazine Award for her “creativity, vision and enterprise”. In 2006, she was named one of New York Magazine’s “Influentials” because she “turned the Fringe Festival, which she founded in 1996, into Sundance for the theater crowd – a place where anyone with an idea and a tiny budget can get noticed. Urinetown, the 1999 Fringe musical that made it to Broadway and won three Tonys, is the most extreme example, but more than a dozen Fringe shows have gone on to significant Off Broadway runs. Her triumph: retaining the fest’s brilliant lunacy amid commercial success.”

Other achievements include the 2007 Mayor’s Award for Arts & Culture, serving as a Tony Awards Nominator from 2008, and being named an Indie Theater Hall of Fame “Person of the Decade” in 2015. As FringeNYC ended (and the pandemic began) she became Interim Managing Director at SHADOWLAND STAGES in beautiful Ellenville, New York where she and husband Kevin share a home with their two westies, Daisy and JuneBug. She serves as Treasurer for the local Chamber of Commerce and is an active member of her community.

Communications and Marketing Coordinator

Working as the Communications and Marketing Coordinator of 4A Arts fulfills Alex Carrillo’s dream to bring his knowledge of the entertainment industry to the broader arts and culture world. Born in Oakland, CA and raised in the Tri-Cities of Washington state, Alex envisaged himself exiting generational poverty and eventually working in the music industry.

After high school, without scholarships, funding, or other support to help him reach his goals, he enlisted in the U.S. military in 2013, joining the Army Infantry. Alex received his basic training in Fort Benning, Georgia before being stationed in Fort Drum, New York, where he proudly became a member of 4-31 Charlie Company, the Mountain Division (the world’s best kept secret). In 2015, Alex was deployed to Afghanistan in a classified combat war zone through early  2016. 

After his time in the service, Alex returned home to seek his college degree. He enrolled at The Los Angeles Recording School, a division of the Los AngelesFilm School, where he received his associate’s degree in Music Production and bachelor’s  in Entertainment Business. 

While still studying at the L.A. Recording School,  Alex landed a publishing deal with Position Music, earning his music a place in the Netflix movie Moxie and in the video game NBA2k22 with his album Locked In. 

After receiving his Bachelor’s degree, Alex began working on the business side of the industry, managing artists, performing social and digital marketing, and distribution, among other duties. Alex joined 4A Arts in the summer of 2022, bringing those talents to the nonprofit world.

Director of Research and Operations

Whitney S. Christiansen is a native Kentuckian with an interdisciplinary background in arts, education, and advocacy. She spent nearly a decade teaching secondary English and drama in public schools, receiving a master’s in Interdisciplinary Humanities from the University of Louisville in 2017, where she received that year’s Grady Nutt Award for the year’s most creative directed study project, “Summoned,” an interdisciplinary practicum that combined research on medieval morality plays and Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus with contemporary concepts of costume and set design. From 2009-2015 she was a cast member and later director for the Kentucky Highland Renaissance Festival, where she inaugurated and directed the festival’s teen cast, who developed two stage shows in the commedia dell’arte tradition. 

Leaving the classroom in 2019, Whitney received her second master’s degree from Colorado State University in Arts Leadership and Cultural Management, where she began working with Be An #ArtsHero, a grassroots campaign dedicated to bringing COVID relief to Arts Workers (now Arts Workers United.) She was the researcher on staff for AWU’s lobbying team for the U.S. House Small Business Committee’s January 2022 hearing on the creative economy, and for Ovation TV’s The Green Room with Nadia Brown, an educational comedy show about the creative economy that launched in March of 2022. Formerly the general manager of the Center for Music Ecosystems, Whitney heads up 4A Arts’ new research initiative alongside her work managing central operations.

executive director

Actor, entrepreneur, political strategist, and father of two, Gavin Lodge comes to 4A Arts with a unique perspective on arts and culture in America. A 20-year veteran of stage and screen, Gavin grew up in suburban Colorado and traversed the country in his work with political campaigns at the senate and presidential levels as well as touring for shows.

After studying international affairs and philosophy at the University of Colorado, he worked as a field organizer in the Iowa Caucus followed by the role of “body guy” to then-candidate Senator Maria Cantwell of Washington State. Politics empowered him to move to New York City to pursue a performing career. Ultimately, he performed in multiple Broadway shows (including 42nd Street, Spamalot, and Priscilla, Queen of the Desert) as well as regional theater, national tours and several network television appearances.

Though he was thrilled every time he stepped onto a theatrical or sound stage, Gavin was equally happy to take on leadership roles in his local union and later his kids’ PTA.  

With the Covid-19 pandemic, Gavin jumped back into the political realm, working as a strategist for Bryson Gillette, a minority-owned PR firm focused on politics and public affairs. He also volunteered for Be an #ArtsHero, an arts advocacy movement blossoming during the first few months of the pandemic. During his time with Be an #ArtsHero, he was part of a team that successfully lobbied for a first-of-its-kind hearing on the creative economy in front of the House of Representatives Small Business Committee.

Gavin lives in rural Connecticut with his partner (a composer and orchestral conductor), his TikTok-dancing daughter (who is musically gifted in unparalleled ways) and his soccer-playing son who recently told him “Dad? I’m just not into concerts and theater stuff.” As he told his son, Gavin believes there is much more to American arts and culture than “concerts and theater stuff.” From the video games his son loves to play to low-rider paint jobs to streaming television series while sitting on the couch, Gavin sees American arts and culture as an inclusive, “big tent” spectrum where everyone is an artist and everyone is a member of an audience.